No Govt Jobs for Those with More Than two Children: Assam

The Assam cabinet has decided that families with more than 2 children will not be eligible for government jobs from 2021 onwards. The decision was taken at a Cabinet meeting held on late Monday Evening, 21 October 2019, where a New Land Policy was adopted, which will give three bighas (1 acre) of agricultural land to landless indigenous people and half a bigha for construction of a house.

Notably, the Assam government isn’t the first to apply such a law. The Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act 1994 says a person with more than two children will be disqualified from contesting election as a panch or a member. However, the previous BJP government relaxed the two-child norm in case of a disabled child.

Under the Madhya Pradesh Civil Servies Rules, if the third child was born on or after January 26, 2001, one becomes ineligible for government service. The rule also applies to higher judicial services. Similar laws exist in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, and Karnataka.

In September of 2017, the Assam Assembly had passed the ‘Population and Women Empowerment Policy of Assam’. The policy specified that only those candidates with two children or less would be eligible for government employment, and existing government staff are to strictly follow the two children family norm.

The aim is to control the increasing population growth rate, especially in tier 2 & 3 cities. These are areas where access to basic facilities such as nutrition, healthcare and education are limited. The state had registered a 16.93 per cent growth in 10 years with a population of a little over 31 million in 2011 census.

Besides this, the state government also proposed a widow pension for the victims of triple talaq. The government will also consider legislation to raise the quota for women in jobs up to 50 per cent.